President Xi Speech at UN, Blueprint of Community with Shared Future
Editor's note: The article reflects the author's opinions and not necessarily the views of Gwadar Pro.
President Xi’s speech at UN General Assembly gave a new confidence to the world that China is committed to development for all. It has sown the seeds of hope that the emerging great power believes in common development.
President Xi unambiguously spoke to respect the values of humanity and dignity and honor of every individual and country, irrespective of their development status. He was crystal clear that world needs cooperation. There is need to build bridges not walls.
The challenges, which the world is facing, does not offer luxury to pursue country first policy. Country first approach will be disastrous. It will ensure failure for everyone, irrespective of their strengths or capabilities. The only way out from the present challenges is cooperation based on the principle of win-win cooperation.
President Xi started his speech by reminding the world of its’ commitments to fight the challenges together at the 75th UN session. It is not option. It is necessity of the time to ensure the peaceful coexistence and common future of present and future generations.
There should be strong mechanisms to fight back the COVID-19 to dream a secure future. The world needs to adopt the policy of people and people’s life first, not country first. We need to focus on science-based solutions and follow the scientific guidelines to defeat the pandemic. The world must come out of political gaming or zero-sum games over COVID-19 or any other challenge. It is not beneficial for humanity. China will not accept any political maneuvering of COVID-19.
He urged the world community to declare vaccine as a global good and ensure availability without any discrimination. He shared that China will provide 2 billion doses of vaccine to countries all over the world. China will also contribute US$ 100 billion in COVAX and donate 100 million doses to poor countries. President Xi stressed the need for development initiatives and assistance to combat the impact of COVID-19. He proposed to establish the Global Development Initiative, with a special focus on the development needs of developing and poor countries.
President Xi advocated for people centric development. He said, “make sure that development is for the people and by the people, and that its fruits are shared among the people”. I think this is the best definition of democracy with Chinese characteristics. Further he stressed that world should strive for development, which ensure the decent livelihood to everyone without any discrimination.
The implementation of Sustainable Development Goals of UN must be prioritized and implemented with the true spirit of SDGs. The implementation must be assisted by cooperation from the developed countries with the principle of equality and respect. He raised voice for the less developed countries and asked developed world to draft special programs according to the needs of poor countries. Developed countries should also look for option of suspension of debt or provide development aid.
President Xi dedicated a section of his speech on the importance of innovation-based growth and development. He deems it necessary to fight back the existential threats of climate change, impacts of COVID-19 and secure the future of planet. For that purpose, there is need to invest on technology development and innovative solutions. However, the technology advancement should not be used as tool to enhance dominance, rather the world needs to work on equitable access to technology and solutions. The technology must be used to enhance the productivity, well-being of people and secure healthy planet not dominance of one country over others.
Environment and climate change are prime areas of interest of President Xi. He never lets any opportunity to slip away without highlighting the importance of environment and climate change. He emphasized that there is need to create harmony between human and nature through global partnership. He assured the world that China will do everything to contribute in this fight against climate change.
China will achieve carbon emission peek before 2030 and carbon neutrality before 2060. The commitments seem unrealistic or over ambitious. However, the statement of President Xi can be qualified from the actions taken at home.
China has already launched multiple initiatives to combat challenge of climate change and promote harmony between nature and human. The concept of high-quality development, new philosophy of development and Vision 2035 provides the policy guidelines to ensure harmony and combat the climate change. The 14th Five-Year Plan provides concrete targets to move on the path of sustainable development. The plan states that the carbon intensity will be decreased by 18 percent till 2025.
Energy intensity will be brought down by the factor of 13.5 percent. Resources productivity will be enhanced by 20 percent till 2025. China had also made it part of plan that the recycling industry will be encouraged to achieve the target of US$ 773 billion worth till 2025. China is also replicating the same spirit at global level. It has increased investment in green technology and initiatives in recent year.
The data analysis of Belt and Road Initiative investment shows that in 2020, 58.8 percent of total investment was on renewable energy under the BRI. Now President Xi has announced that China will not build or invest on coal power plants abroad.
President Xi underscored the significance of dignity and respect for everyone. He advocated for the enhanced role of developing and poor countries in global decision making.
He opposed the outside intervention in any country and asked to respect the sovereignty of countries. He called for the recognition of common values including peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom.
He retreated the importance of win-win cooperation by highlighting that planet has enough resources to meet the needs of all. So, there is no need of reckless competition. It is time to say goodbye to policy of country first and look for avenues to enhance the win-win cooperation.
President also stressed on the role and importance of the United Nations and international law for peaceful and prosper world. He advocated for a central role of UN for ensuring security, development and human rights.
UN should steer the future course and all countries should work under the banner of UN in collaborative manner. It is necessary to uphold the global system and order.
President Xi concluded his speech by assuring the world that China will never bully anyone. China will never attack anyone. China will never try to become hegemonic.
China will work with all countries by adhering to principles of mutual respect and win-win cooperation. China will join hands with the world to achieve the goal of community with shared future.
In nutshell, President Xi makes a blueprint of his vision of “community with shared future”. President Xi believes that the goal of community with shared future can only be achieved through dialogue, development, mutual-respect and cooperation.
Thus, there is the need to promote dialogue and inclusiveness over confrontation and exclusion. Dialogue and inclusiveness are need of the time to combat challenges. It is the fundamental principle for peaceful co-existence and ensuring community with shared future.
(Shakeel Ahmad Ramay, the author, is the Chief Executive Officer, Asian Institute of Eco-civilisation Research and Development.)